Air pollution is one of the main risk factors for noncommunicable diseases in adults, which causes cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and an increased risk of acute respiratory infections.
Balkan countries unfortunately are at the beginning of the list of countries with a high rate of mortality caused by air pollution. Bosnia and Herzegovina is on the 3rd place - 223.6 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, just after Georgia and North Korea. Albania is on the fifth place (171.4), Serbia on 10th (137.2), Macedonia in 12th (128.9) and Montenegro on 16th (123.5).
Air pollution in everyday life is caused by unclean fuels and inefficient technologies has led to 4.3 million deaths worldwide in 2012, according to a recent World Health Organization report.
During the same period only due to the effects of outdoor air pollution (traffic, industry, waste incineration, domestic fuel consumption ...) three million people died. In general, air pollution is responsible for 6.5 million deaths, or 11.6 percent of deaths worldwide.
Also, domestic air pollution is a cause of half of children deaths from pneumonia under five years.
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