Botanical Park Tivatska Solila

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Tivat
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Tivatska Solila - a unique natural bird sanctuary, which is located on the site of the former salt pans.. It is located near Tivat, between the airport Tivat and the peninsula Lustica.

People come here to observe waders, including such unusual for these places, like pink flamingos or Javanese cormorants. On the territory special paths are made for visitors. It is recommended to arm with a good pair of binoculars before visiting this place, as the birds nest and feed away from the tourist paths. If you come without binoculars, do not worry: you will be able to admire and make beautiful pictures of amazing local salt marshes. In the future, the Montenegrin authorities are planning to convert this reserve in the ornithological park that will attract there even more tourists.

Tivatska Solila - is the place where in the Middle Ages salt was collected, which was worth more than gold. The salt was formed from the evaporation of sea water and settled in special earthen ramparts. According to the extant historical sources in 1425, all Solila was divided into 109 plots, 24 of which belonged to the Metropolitan Zetas, 27 - to residents of Lustica, 10 – to residents of Dzhurashevichi village, 32 - to the town of Kotor and 16 - to Kotor noble families. Salt marshes were usually an "apple of discord" between neighboring countries, we are aware of several wars between Kotor and Croatian Dubrovnik for the right to dispose the salt revenues.

When the salt marshes were no longer used for its intended purpose, they were chosen by migratory birds. Of the 111 species of birds that can be seen here, only 4 species live in Tivatska Solila constantly. Data on types of local residents are not static, and change every year. The most valuable items of Salila are a crane, sea hawk, snipe, greater flamingo and the Javanese Cormorant. This biodiversity makes Tivatska Solila a perfect place to observe birds.

Besides birds in Salila live 14 species of rare amphibians and reptiles, 3 of which are threatened species.The territory of salt marshes was declared a conservation area in 2007.

 

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