Work in Montenegro. Introduction. 2.
Types of employment: Permanent work, Seasonal work, Temporary work, Freelance. 3.
Specialists in demand in Montenegro. Popular professions and working conditions.
Popular cities for work. 5.
Salary in Montenegro. 6.
How to find a job in Montenegro? Search of vacancies without intermediaries. 7.
Is it possible to get a job in the specialty? What skills are needed? 8.
How to get a work permit? Types of work permit in Montenegro. Quota for the admission of foreigners in Montenegro. 9.
The dangers of illegal work. 10.
Business in Montenegro. 11.
Publication of vacancies on our website
1. Work in Montenegro. Introduction.
Montenegro is a small mountainous country with amazing nature, which is located on the Balkan Peninsula and is washed by the warm Adriatic Sea. In recent years, it has gained immense popularity with tourists from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and other CIS countries. It is noteworthy that the annual number of tourists visiting Montenegro is several times more than the local population, which is about 650 thousand people. And this is not surprising. Warm sea, 73 kilometers of various beaches, pleasant climate, more than 200 sunny days a year, stunning nature, clean mountain air, understandable language, unity of religious and cultural values, a huge number of attractions and historic buildings, and the benevolence and responsiveness of local residents of this country attract a huge number of tourists at any time of the year. Having visited this country once, many people start to think seriously about moving here and stay for a while, and perhaps forever.
Make a decision to move to Montenegro is not easy for any person, and it's even harder to find a suitable job for a foreigner. In this article we will try to tell you about all the important points and nuances that can possibly help you to decide on moving, and also searching for and choosing a job in Montenegro.
2. Types of employment: Permanent work, Seasonal work, Temporary work, Freelance.
Montenegro is a resort country, which is mainly oriented towards tourist business and everything that is connected with it. Unfortunately, despite the huge tourist flows, at present this mountainous country cannot please the population with the opportunity of high and fast earnings. The average salary in Montenegro during the year is about 300-400 euros per month. Seasonal (summer) work is paid better, but these amounts are not astronomical in comparison with the workload and the duration of the working day - about 700-900 euros per month with a working day from 7-8 am to 9-10 pm. It is also worth considering that the unemployment rate in Montenegro is about 19.5% and one must be prepared for healthy competition in the labor market.
In order to solve the problem of finding a job faster, you first need to decide on the type of employment, and there are only 4 of them in Montenegro: A. Permanent work,
B. Seasonal work,
C. Temporary work
Moreover, the concepts of seasonal and temporary work should not be mixed up, since they differ significantly.A. Permanent work.
Permanent employment is when the employer hires a person for stable work and signs an employment contract with them for an indefinite or long term. At the same time, the company must obtain a work permit for an employee, officially employ it, pay salary, and make monthly deductions to the social insurance fund in compliance with all laws. For all its complexity, it is worth noting that the vacancies for this type of employment do not depend on the season and are open throughout the year.
In 2016-2017 in Montenegro, the most demanded information technology specialists (it), bank employees, doctors and nurses, translators of foreign languages (English, German, Italian), as well as employees specializing in management and personnel management
.B. Seasonal work.
Seasonal work in Montenegro is connected with the tourist sphere and is most common among Ukrainians, Russians and Belarusians. In March-April, many hotels, cafes and restaurants, night clubs and bars, excursion bureaus and travel agencies on the coast of Montenegro open a huge number of different vacancies for everyone who wants to work in summer. The duration of seasonal work ranges from 1 to 8 months, with a 10-12-hour working day.
When person is employed for seasonal work, the employer, as in the case of permanent work, is obliged to formalize the employee officially and make all necessary social contributions to the relevant institutions monthly. In addition, the employer is required to obtain a work permit for the employee, which clearly indicates the period of work, after expiration of which the employee needs to be re-registered.
If, for whatever reason, the employee quits, they have no right to continue using the document of temporary residence - "borawak", obtained from the employer on the basis of a work permit. According to the law, they must file documents on the termination and cancellation of the TRP and only after that, have the right to re-register the Temporary residence permit from another employer or independently.
In summer season in Montenegro such jobs are in demand: waitresses and waiters, bartenders, cooks, hostesses, guides and tour guides, beach animators, promoters, realtors, diving instructors and other active kinds of recreation and entertainment. Many opportunities for earning have representatives of creative professions: photographers, cameramen, singers, dancers, artists of the fire show, body art artists, as well as hairdressers and masseurs.C. Temporary work.
Many people mix the concepts of temporary and seasonal work up, but these are completely different things. This type of employment is more like a part-time job, as it only takes a few hours a day. Plus, having a temporary job, you can work all year long and combine it with your main one. The working contract in this case is made out by the employer in advance, the period of validity of which is strictly limited.
The following activities can be classified as temporary work: a governess or a nanny, taking care for an elderly member of the family (nurse), maids, drivers. There are also vacancies for windows, cars or yachts washers, dog walk assistants or handymen ("Husband for an hour"), which help lonely and busy people keep the house in order.
Employees for temporary work are necessary for everyone and always, so finding additional income in Montenegro will not be a difficult task.
Towards the end of the autumn - the beginning of winter, the flow of tourists is decreasing at times, the stormy life in Montenegro freezes and, accordingly, the demand on labor falls. That is why it's better to come to Montenegro at the end of winter - early spring, in order to be prepared for the forthcoming influx of tourists and understand how you can secure your income.D. Freelance.
Freelance is, perhaps, the most common way of earning in the world and Montenegro is no exception. Why not? The sea, the sun, nature, climate, natural products and affordable prices - what else is necessary for life ... Freelance can be both the main activity and part-time work, since for this type of employment, in fact, only time and high speed internet are needed.
On the Internet, there are quite a lot of sites and resources for searching a job as a freelancer. Here are just some of them:
- www.freelancejob.ru and many others.
The most important thing when working as a freelancer is not only to find an employer, but also to find a suitable way to withdraw money. There is no ideal option and everyone chooses the most suitable method, but you can try Western Union
or foreign currency accounts of national banks
. Each of the ways has its advantages and disadvantages in the form of commissions, conversion, cost of services, etc.
3. Specialists in demand in Montenegro. Popular professions.
According to the Employment Service of Montenegro, in 2016-2017 experts in the field of construction and real estate, tourism, advertising, marketing, electronics and computer services are in great demand in the labor market among foreigners. For other vacancies in Montenegro, it is quite difficult for foreigners to claim.
In the field of tourism, it usually works in numerous resort towns, for example, as a waiter, a barman, a cook and other staff of attendants. In the field of construction, you can find work of a very different category and qualifications - from the project manager to the ordinary handyman. At the moment in Montenegro this sphere is most required and popular, as the number of investments and the construction of new facilities is constantly increasing. The construction of luxury hotels, apartments, restaurants, entertainment centers and entire residential areas does not stop throughout the year and constantly needs specialists and workforce.
It is worth noting that most employers require the knowledge of the English, and sometimes Montenegrin languages. Foreign workers who speak only one (native) language, do not evoke much interest.Popular professions in Montenegro.
For people from Russia and CIS countries, perhaps the most popular vacancy in the labor market of Montenegro is the position of realtor. This is due to the fact that the real estate market in this country is constantly developing and expanding, and the country simply needs skilled specialists in this field. In order to find a job successfully and immediately start earning, you will certainly need knowledge in real estate, as well as work experience and it is desirable that it was in an international real estate agency in any country. Besides, knowledge of several foreign languages, including Serbian or Montenegrin, is quite necessary, since there are a lot of foreign capital and foreign property owners in Montenegro.
Also, such professions are quite popular in Montenegro as: hotel administrator, hotel manager, sales manager, nanny, foreign language teacher, school teacher, cook, photographer, organizer of entertainment and training events.
In summer (tourist) season, when vacationers from all over the world are actively beginning to come to the country, service workers are most in demand. Therefore, from May to September 2017, you can easily find the following vacancies:
- Seller of sightseeing tours;
- Hotel maid;
When the summer season ends and the construction season begins ("preparatory"), which lasts from October to June, at this time, employees of construction and municipal specialties are required:
There are many more vacancies, such as lawyers, accountants, attorneys, state officer, but they can be occupied only by citizens of Montenegro.
4. Popular cities for work in Montenegro.
The most popular and promising areas for employment of immigrants are large coastal cities, such as Bar
and Herceg Novi
. That's where most of the Russian-speaking population lives. In Kotor
, there are also places for work, but so far these areas are not so densely populated by foreigners. With the beginning of the summer season, these resort towns come to life and they are quite easy for finding work, since tourism in Montenegro is one of the main ways to replenish the country's budget.
Permanent work can also be found in the capital of Montenegro - Podgorica
, which is located in its central part. It is the largest and with developed infrastructure city in the country. All kinds of shopping centers, banks, representative offices of large local and foreign companies, universities, embassies of foreign countries and major state institutions are located in Podgorica.
5. Salary in Montenegro.
The level of remuneration in Montenegro is rather low in comparison with the developed European countries. On the other hand, it is worth noting that the cost of living and expenses for daily needs in this country is also significantly lower than in the same Europe.The average salary in Montenegro
in 2016 was 500 euros per month
, after net of taxes (without deduction about 750 euros). The minimum wage is 288 euros/month.
Given these data, foreign workers can expect about 300-500 euros per month. The cost of products, clothing and goods for daily use in Montenegro is much cheaper than, for example, in Moscow or St. Petersburg, so the amount is quite enough for a comfortable existence. Of course, in the labor market, there are periodically vacancies with a salary of 1000 euros and above, but, as a rule, these are proposals from large Russian or foreign companies that are urgently seeking specialists of a certain category and with specific skills.
6. How to find a job in Montenegro? Search for vacancies without intermediaries.
Job search in Montenegro, in principle, does not differ from job search in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and other countries. There are several ways for searching work independantly and further employment.A. Thematic sites.
On standard requests "Jobs in Montenegro" and "Work in Montenegro" Yandex and Google will give you quite a few thematic sites and Internet resources, in which you can find a huge amount of information about working in Montenegro. On these sites you can post your resume, as well as view job listings.
Especially for you, we selected the most popular working sites in Montenegro:
Lifehack: If on any of the resources you finally found a vacancy that suits you in all respects, but the date of publication has long passed - try to still contact the employer and find out information about the work. In Montenegro, the constant shortage of professional staff in some areas and finding the right person can be quite difficult. In this regard, vacancies for some positions remain open for several months.B. Pages in social networks (Facebook, Vkontakte) and various specialized forums.
- www.zzzcg.me (State Employment Agency)
In Montenegro, the method of offering goods and services in the social network Facebook is quite common. There are special pages and thematic groups ("Work in Montenegro", "Montenegro. Work", etc.), where you can post your job search ads or search for information from other participants. Therefore, it makes sense to register in social networks and join groups dedicated to Montenegro or working in Montenegro, and regularly review their news feeds.
Also, in all these groups, you can ask any question that worries you and migrants living in Montenegro for a long time will be happy to help, give advice or tell you where you can go or what you can do to solve the situation.C. Recruitment agencies.
In Montenegro, there are also some recruitment agencies that can help with finding a job. As a rule, these are either Russian or foreign companies.D. Local newspapers with job advertisements.
On the pages of some newspapers in Montenegro, you can find various ads about work from local companies. One of the most famous is called "Tender Oglasi" and is published every week in many cities of Montenegro.F. "Word of mouth."
Word of mouth is perhaps one of the most common ways of finding a job in Montenegro. Most locals and migrants living in Montenegro for quite some time use this method to find work. Ultimately, they are arranged by acquaintance or through family ties. Therefore, if you live in Montenegro, relatives, friends or acquaintances, start looking for work with them. Perhaps they will help you with this task or give useful advice about where it is better to go to work.
Everyone starts looking for work in Montenegro in different ways. Someone is looking for work in the Balkans, being at home and without a clear idea of the work and supporting documents from the employer does not go anywhere. Many, on the contrary, first come to Montenegro, and already on the site get acquainted with available vacancies, after which they will try to contact the employer directly. Some manage to find a suitable place of work during the rest, to negotiate with the employer, and only then, after receiving a confirmation letter, they draw up documents at home and come. Everyone has their own methods and ways of finding work, the only thing is to understand which one is right for you.
7. Is it possible to get a an occupational work? What skills are needed?
Work in Montenegro will be available to every immigrant at any time of the year, especially if they have a higher or specialized education.
Montenegro is one of the few countries in Europe where foreign citizens can easily find jobs in responsible and even managerial positions. So, for example, in this resort country you can work without problems in the field of science and culture, in the field of enterprise management, and also in the field of information technologies. In other words, the diploma of graduating from a higher or specialized educational institution obtained in another country is "quoted" here without any confirmation or re-examination. Exception is only medical specialties.
Every foreign citizen who wants to get a job in Montenegro should register at the Employment Office. To do this, you must provide a diploma (certificate), which clearly indicates the qualifications for this or that specialty. This rule applies to all people who have received primary, secondary or higher education, and even holders of academic degrees or awards. The registration in the employment center guarantees you official employment in the territory of Montenegro in the future.
It should be noted immediately that local companies give preference to those foreign specialists who know Montenegrin, Serbian or, at least, English. The big plus is a well-delivered Russian language, because there are plenty of tourists and businessmen from Russia in this country. Even if you do not know Montenegrin or Serbian, you should still try to get a job, as company executives are quite loyal to foreigners and can hire without knowing the language if they see your professional skills, desire to work and a desire to learn the language. At first, for communication in everyday life, there is enough Russian (or Ukrainian) language, as local residents understand it since the time of strong friendship with the Soviet Union, and also because of the huge number of tourists from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. In the future, you can quickly learn the Montenegrin language, as it is quite simple in terms of vocabulary and grammar, and besides there are a lot of good private teachers (native speakers) at relatively low prices - only 25-30 euros per month for 8 Lessons.So, what does it take to get a job in a good company with a decent salary? 1. Knowledge of foreign languages.
Start learning or improving languages right now - this knowledge will be useful for you if not in Montenegro, then certainly open a lot of doors in another country. 2. Elementary sales skills
, including "selling yourself as an employee", as well as communication skills. Present yourself as a specialist and agree on working conditions, you must be able to do it and it is also better to learn in advance.
3. Availability of at least minimal savings for the first time.
Capital will give you an opportunity to look for suitable work calmly and without fuss, and in case of minor failures do not get lost and continue to look for. 4. The car.
This is certainly not the main thing, but, firstly, the car will allow you to move faster and more convenient around the country, not adjusting to the schedule of transport and not spending money on taxi. And secondly, the car can serve as a spare opportunity for temporary work, for example, in taxi, transfer, delivery, etc. At the same time among the customers you can meet the same person who will help in finding a job, because "word of mouth" has not been canceled yet and in Montenegro it is quite common.
Montenegro needs good and professional specialists all year round, so any foreigner can find a job here, if they really want it.
8. How to get a work permit? Types of work permit in Montenegro. Quota for the admission of foreigners in Montenegro.
Work in Montenegro, like in many other countries around the world, requires official registration. Any work without appropriate permits can result in significant fines, both for the employee for the employer.The procedure for obtaining a work visa can be divided into 2 stages:obtaining a work permit
and issuing a temporary residence permit
- boravak on its basis.
The basis for making an employment agreement is a work permit issued by the local employment office - Zavod za zaposljavanje
. Without knowledge of the Montenegrin language, it is quite complicated and that is why the employer themselves deals with the registration of documents.
In order to obtain a work permit and, in the future, get an occupational work, you first need to conduct a procedure for confirming the diploma of education - nostrification. The presence of a nostrified diploma and an insert to it is an obligatory condition for issuing a work permit. In case of a absence of higher education, it is necessary to nostrify a diploma of secondary special or school education. The only exception is for director of the firm, who may not pass the procedure for recognizing the documents on education.
It is worth noting that recently the policy of the Government of Montenegro is aimed at limiting labor migration, therefore the employer will have to walk around the various institutions for a long time and leave 200 euros or more during the passage of all bureaucratic procedures.In order to obtain a work permit for an employment inspection, the following is provided:
- Certificate of payment of taxes;
- Employer's application for employment;
- Application for open vacancies;
- Nostrified diploma and an insert to it for any employees, except for the director;
- Copy of the passport of the employee;
- Receipt for payment of state duty;
- Certificate of payment of taxes from the salary of the previous employer, if the workplace is not the first.
After obtaining a work permit, a migrant can file documents and obtain a temporary residence permit for a period of 1 year
.To obtain a residence permit, you must apply to the Immigration Service (MUP) and introduce the following documents:
- Work permit;
- A certificate of non-conviction with an apostille on the reverse side;
- Original contract for hiring housing or an extract from the cadastre on the ownership of housing - list nepokretnosti;
- Copies of all pages of the passport;
- Translation of the passport into the Montenegrin language;
- Medical insurance or certificate of medical examination in the Montenegrin language;
- A bank certificate on the availability of a sufficient amount of funds in an account in any of the banks of Montenegro. The total amount should be 3650 euros, but in 2017 immigration officials accept documents even with 1000 euros on the account;
- Receipt for payment of state duties.
After obtaining a work visa you need to come to the tax inspection, register a work record card, and also arrange medical insurance and get a medical record card (zdravstvenu knjizicu).
In cases where a work permit is issued only for the purpose of obtaining a temporary residence permit (residence permit or "boravak") - an immigrant can apply for help to specialized firms or to a lawyer engaged in delivering of such services. Such help can cost from 100 to 500 euros, depending on the company and the appetite of the "helper".Types of work permits in Montenegro:1. Personal work permit.
Issued to foreigners who have permanent resident status. The document allows you to work in Montenegro without any restrictions on an equal basis with local residents. It has an unlimited duration, in special cases it can be issued for one year.2. Work placement permit.
The right to work in Montenegro, on the basis of which a labor contract is signed. The standard document is issued for one year, with the right to extend for another two years.3. Work permit.
Typically, it is applied for temporary or seasonal employment for a short period, usually up to 6 months. Terms are prescribed in the employment contract.
Separate categories of foreign workers are not required work permit in Montenegro, usually it is temporary work. It can be, for example, athletes, scientists, representatives of creative professions, journalists, diplomats.Important! The holder of a work permit in Montenegro does not have the right to change the employer and the workplace that goes beyond the scope of the current employment contract.Quotas for foreigners for work in Montenegro.
In Montenegro, every year until 31 October, the government publishes quotas (a fixed number of work permits) that restrict the issuance of work permits to foreigners, thereby supporting the maximum employment of the local population. The profile departments constantly conduct in the country in-depth analyzes on the spheres of activity, professions, territorial needs in specialists and on these grounds form special quotas.
This situation is further aggravated by the fact that according to the newly adopted law on foreigners, state employees first need to look a Montenegrin for "your" working place, and only then, if they do not find one, you get a work permit.
There are some types of employment in Montenegro and the category of foreigners that are not subject to quotas
, for example:
- holders of a personal work permit;
- family members of Montenegrin citizens, foreigners with permanent residence and refugees (spouses and children under 21);
- professional sportsmen and workers in the field of sports, with the current contract; - Foreign specialists working in Montenegro on the basis of international treaties;
- teachers of Montenegrin universities providing instruction in the language of ethnic minorities;
- Representatives of foreign companies.
9. The danger of illegal work.
Labor relations in Montenegro are governed by the basic law of labor - Zakon o zaposljavanju i radu stranaca
. The provisions of this law clearly regulate the admission of foreigners to work, the duration of the working week, the rules of payment, the order of dismissal and much more. In addition, the provisions of this law oblige the employer to accrue and pay taxes on the wages of each employee hired. Particularly strictly the law refers to the official registration of employees in the company staff, and illegal labor can be cost for both the employee and the employer.
The employer has no right to sign an employment contract with an employee who does not have a work permit in their company, and does not have a residence permit. In this case, they can be fined in the amount from 500 to 20 000 euros. A foreign worker is required to keep a work permit at their workplace. Otherwise, they and the director will be fined 200 euros each, and the company that committed the violation will pay 400 euros to the state treasury.
10. Business in Montenegro.
Work in Montenegro is not just hired labor and freelancing. Some foreigners who come to Montenegro for work and have not found a suitable vacancy, risk and open their own business based on their financial capabilities. Someone gives in rent their car with the driver. Others make and sell dumplings, sushi and other dishes of national cuisine. The thirds open small cafes. Some conduct private excursions, ride tourists on boats on the Skadar Lake or on yachts in the Adriatic Sea, fly with them on paragliders, descend on rafts along mountain rivers or organize hikes in the mountains.The most popular types of business in Montenegro are:
- Rent of cars, mopeds or motorcycles;
- Beauty salon or massage room;
- Hotels, inns or apartments;
- Grocery store;
- Cafe or restaurant;
- Travel agency;
- Entertainment center (rafting, paragliding, climbing, etc.).
In any case, if you want to start your own business, you need to explore all sorts of thematic forums and different groups in social networks first to understand what needs local residents, immigrants and tourists have, which niches are highly competitive and which, on the contrary, are free.
Undoubtedly, the opening of your business entails considerable capital investments. However, those entrepreneurs who believe that they will be able to afford this type of activity can easily open it in Montenegro and get a lot of profit, of course in case of active promotion in the market and high quality of services. And be prepared for the fact that competition will not let you relax.The procedure of opening a company in Montenegro is quite simple.
For payment of the authorized capital in 2017 it is enough to put on the account 1 euro. The types of activities that a firm can carry out are prescribed in its Charter. If the business is related to the sale of loose products or the preparation of food, every employee of the firm must issue a health book. If the owner of the company wants to work with tourists in the coastal zone, they has to go through an auction in Morsko dobro. This organization annually sells to all comers the right to engage in one or another type of activity in the coastal zone. Among other things, they include:
- rent of beaches;
- cafes and restaurants;
- amusement parks;
- sale of ice cream;
- grocery and department stores;
- sale of excursion packages.
It should also be remembered that the opening of the company itself will not allow you to get a residence permit. For its registration it is necessary to give permission to work in this company to the immigration office.
Also, in connection with the latest changes in the law about foreigners, the only undoubtable position is the director's place. For all other vacancies in the newly opened firm, initially only local residents can claim, and only then foreign workers. Therefore, today it is not so easy to open your company and employ all your relatives, friends and acquaintances (unless of course they are Montenegrins).
Thus, in order to start a business in Montenegro, you need only to have the desire and financial possibilities.
11. Publishing of vacancies on our site.
To publish a vacancy on our site - send the text of the ad to us on the e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
or leave it in the comments
to this page.
To move to Montenegro and adapt in it successfully, we advise you to study the issues of legalization and employment carefully, examine your financial capabilities and acquire at least a basic knowledge of the language. In this case, life on coast in a sunny country among the mighty mountains will be comfortable, pleasant and joyful.