The Monument to Peter II Petrovich Negosh

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Podgorica
Petar II Petrović-Njegoš (His real name wasn’t Petar, but Radivoj or Rade) was born on 13th of November 1813 in the village Njegoši in the family of Tomo Markov Petrović and Ivana Prorović- Petrović. His uncle Petar I Petrović, the former rulel of Montenegro took the 12-year old boy and gave him an education. All those special honours occurred on Rade because at that time the power both secular and spiritual was concentrated in hands of a ruler of Montenegro, that meant monkhood and no children who could inherit the authority. That’s why heir was chosen among other relatives and uncle chose Rade.

 Petar II Petrović-Njegoš is a ruler of Montenegro (member of higher orders of clergy) in 1830-1851, metropolitan of Montenegro and Berd. 
A statesman, a reformer, helped turn Montenegro into an independent modern state. The author of many poems and rhymes. He is considered to be the most outstanding poet of Serbian literature.

He developed ties with Russia, which was visited 2 times in 1833 and 1837. On providing funds, he founded a printing house and a number of primary schools in 1834.
He published a collection of folk songs "Serbian Mirror" (1845), which included the songs of his own compositions. He is the author of collections of poems "Cetinje Hermit" (1834), "The Cure for Turkish Fury" (1834), an epic poem "Svobodiada" (1835, published in 1854). His true masterpieces are the poems "The ray of the microcosm" (1845), "The Mountain Wreath" (1847), "The Pretender Stepan Maly" (1847, published in 1851).
He died in 1851 of tuberculosis.
Under the will he is buried on top of Mount Lovcen in the chapel. During socialist Yugoslavia, instead of the chapel the mausoleum was erected.

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